Rome - sightseeing plan - map, attractions, monuments, accommodation, interesting facts

Rome

Eternal City

No, I will not start with the history of Rome. Everyone knows this story better or worse. I decided that in the case of this entry, we will not deal with history at all. We will rather focus on practical organization of the tripthat will allow you to get there efficiently, create your own sightseeing plan and plan your time as best as possible.

I know that everyone who visits Rome for the first time would like to see as much as possible. A person would like to be everywhere, see everything and enjoy the eye as much as possible.
I know this state very well and I decided that I would not tell stories about the following: "it is not worth rushing," it is worth giving yourself time "," you have to go off the beaten track "... and so on.
On the contrary! I'm going to make it easier for you intense and of course satisfying first hunger for Rome satisfied! Yes, you could consume as much as possible at once. So that in the evening, after a whole day of wandering, you would feel tired and extremely satisfied. And finally, so that you would like to come back here once more, so that, with your first curiosity satisfied, you could start contemplating the places that fell deeply into your heart.

Car or plane?

You have to get here first. From Poland, this is not a big problem. Rome is easy to reach from anywhere in the world. After all, all roads lead here ... by land and air!

If Rome is just one of the stops on a long journey through Italy (as for example in the one I have described a trip to 40 of the most beautiful places in Italy), you will probably get here by car. Then it is best to leave the car in the parking lot and move around the city on your feet and by metro. The concept of visiting the city by own car and moving between monuments is utopia. Driving in the center of Rome is a real nightmare. Traffic jams, traffic congestion and annoying parking problems will quickly cure this idea. Comfortable shoes and a metro ticket (rainy day) are the best way to get around the city.

If Rome is the only point of your trip (e.g. for a weekend or a short vacation), you will probably come by plane. Low-cost airlines fly to Rome, Ciampino Airport from several Polish cities. This is by far the best, cheapest and fastest option.
Accessible from Ciampino airport to the center of Rome is very simple, and the details (access options, prices, travel time) I described in a separate entry - [click].
In this case, you will also need comfortable shoes and a metro ticket to explore Rome.

a typical street in Rome

When to go to Rome

The date of departure is, contrary to appearances, a key issue. During our last trip, we had the pleasure to feel the full sun and the temperature of 41 degrees Celsius in the city. From 12:00 to 17:00 there was no point in going out into the street. It is difficult to describe the heat then. Visiting is out of the question.
So if you have the freedom to choose the date of departure, I suggest you read a very useful and popular one entry about the weather in Rome - [click]. There you will find a lot of information that will help you choose the best date of departure.

Rome online webcam

It's always nice to have a look at what is currently happening in Rome, whether it is crowded and what the weather is really like.
Below is an image from a live camera looking at the Spanish Steps. The static image refreshes every few minutes. Clicking on the picture will take you to the webcam operator's page.

Live Camera Piazza di Spagna - Rome
online camera view of the Spanish Steps

Rome sightseeing itinerary

Below I will present the sightseeing plan, which is actually two plans, for two separate days.
Treat them only as an offer. You can mix them together, modify them, etc.
I assumed that (according to statistics) most tourists come to Rome for 2 to 2,5 days. Most often it is a weekend or a two-day stop during a longer journey.
So I made a plan for two days. Both days are full to the brim and even above the brim. These are really two very long days. At the end of the day, you'll be pretty tired but happy. It is also likely (especially when it gets very hot) that you will not be able to implement these plans. Don't worry about that. Just rebuild another day and go see what interests you the most.
Even if you made both plans 100%, you would still see only a small fraction of what the eternal city has to offer. Rome is full of amazing attractions and there will always be a reason to come back.

Sightseeing in Rome - first day

First the map. Below is a map of the walk with the locations of all attractions marked and the walking path connecting all points. The path I suggest is just a suggestion. You don't have to go exactly the streets that I led through on the map.
The numbers on the map obviously correspond to the numbering of attractions next to the descriptions of each of them.

Use GPS coordinates!
For each attraction, I have provided precise GPS coordinates that will allow you to always reach your destination. Just go to this page on your phone, click on the link next to the coordinates of the attractions and the navigation application will open automatically.
Simply walk towards your chosen tour point along the streets you wish to walk along. Treat the navigation on the phone rather as information whether you are going in the right direction and approaching your destination, or whether your fantasy is already taking you in the wrong direction 🙂
When you reach one point of the trip and want to go further, click on the coordinates of the next point and so from point to point you can freely explore Rome on your own, as if you lived here all your life.
I admit that a funny situation happened to me once. I forgot how to get to the place I have been before. What a great discovery for me it turned out that I can go to my own blog and click on the coordinates provided by me !!!

Rome - sightseeing map - day one
background map source: openstreetmap.org
1. Colosseum
The interior of the Colosseum in Rome

We start our tour at Colosseo metro station (blue line). Thanks to this, no matter which part of Rome you live in, you can easily reach the starting point of your walk. Colosseo metro station, as you can easily guess, is right next to the Colosseum.

Tickets to the Colosseum
There is a fee for visiting the Colosseum, of course, and tickets to the Colosseum also include admission to the Roman Forum and Palatine Hill. The basic ticket is valid for 24 hours. You cannot buy separate tickets for each attraction.
Up to 3000 people can stay in the facility at the same time, so the number of tickets is limited. Tickets are sold for a specific time of entry. If you are late with entry more than 15 minutes, the ticket will become invalid.
You can buy tickets directly before entering the ticket office or in advance via the Internet. When deciding to buy at the box office, be prepared for a long queue. Don't expect to buy a ticket for the next hour. It may turn out that the nearest free place is, for example, in 5 hours.
Buying a ticket online well in advance is a much better solution. The so-called reservation fee of EUR 2. You pay 2 EUR more, but you have the option of booking entry for a day and time that is convenient for you, without the need to queue.

You can check the availability of online tickets on GetYourGuide - [click] and CoopCulture - [click].

Basic ticket price (in 2021): € 16 (+ € 2 when buying online)
Average time to visit the Colosseum: 45 min.

Tickets are sold on site by three ticket offices:
- ticket office in front of the Colosseum (he is always with her the biggest queue), GPS coordinates:
41°53’26.0″N 12°29’21.1″E
41.890546, 12.489188 - click and route

- ticket office at the entrance to the Palatine Hill (200 m further and least people), GPS coordinates:
41°53’16.1″N 12°29’23.5″E
41.887805, 12.489872 - click and route

- ticket office at the entrance to the Roman Forum, GPS coordinates:
41°53’33.6″N 12°29’13.6″E
41.892655, 12.487108 - click and route

2. Roman and Palatine Forum
walk in the Roman Forum

The Roman Forum is a huge excavation, presenting the preserved fragments of the city (temples, palaces, offices, architectural layout) from almost 2000 years ago.

Tickets to the Roman Forum
Entry to the Roman Forum is on the same ticket as for the Colosseum, and the rules of purchase and prices are described above, in the description of the Colosseum.
Admission to the Roman Forum is not limited, so you can enter at any time during the opening hours. The Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill are one archaeological site and are visited at once. It is impossible to leave the area of ​​the Roman Forum and enter the Palatine Hill again with the same ticket.
The main entrance is at the Roman Forum ticket office (see above for coordinates).
Reserve a minimum of 2 hours to visit the Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill (some spend here even twice as much).

Roman Forum, GPS coordinates:
41°53’33.4″N 12°29’08.1″E
41.892602, 12.485572 - click and route

3. Trajan's Forum
Trajan's Forum - view from the observation deck

The Forum of Trajan is the largest and latest built Roman forum. The public squares of Trajan's Forum were considered as center of the Roman Empire. The whole area can be seen perfectly from the viewing terraces available free of charge. It is worth paying attention to the richly decorated Trajan's Column.
There are Trajan's Market Hallsvisiting is paid.
Ticket price: 15 EUR

The observation deck at the Trajan's Forum, GPS coordinates:
41°53’40.6″N 12°29’06.7″E
41.894606, 12.485205 - click and route

Trajan's Column, GPS coordinates:
41°53’45.2″N 12°29’03.4″E
41.895895, 12.484276 - click and route

Entrance to the Trajan Market Halls, GPS coordinates:
41°53’46.4″N 12°29’09.6″E
41.896218, 12.485990 - click and route

4. Altar of the Fatherland
Altar of the Fatherland in Rome

The Altar of the Fatherland is, in short, a monstrous marble monument, composed of several parts, including a series of characteristic Corinthian columns filling the entire width of the building. Built in honor of the first king of the united Kingdom of Italy, Victor Emmanuel II. Its correct name is Monument in honor of Victor Emmanuel IIbut is commonly known as the Altar of the Fatherland. There is an observation deck on the roof of the building.

Entrance ticket to the terrace:
- persons over 25 years of age: EUR 10
- 18-25 years old: EUR 5
- children - free of charge

Opening hours:
- from 9:30 to 19:30 (last admission 45 minutes before closing)

Altar of the Fatherland, GPS coordinates:
41°53’40.9″N 12°28’58.5″E
41.894691, 12.482928 - click and route

5. Capitol and she-wolf
Capitoline Square
She-wolf - a symbol of Rome

A hill in Rome with a square designed by Michelangelo, a statue of Marcus Aurelius and the Capitoline Palace. Right behind the Capitol, on one of the streets diverging from it, you can see a sculpture of a she-wolf - the symbol of the capital of the ancient Roman empire.

Capitoline Square, GPS coordinates:
41°53’36.0″N 12°28’58.5″E
41.893339, 12.482904 - click and route

She-wolf monument, GPS coordinates:
41°53’36.2″N 12°29’00.7″E
41.893391, 12.483540 - click and route

6. Viewpoint on the Roman Forum
view from the viewpoint on the Roman Forum. In the background you can see the Colosseum.

From this vantage point you can see practically the entire Roman Forum and from this place the most beautiful photos of this monument are taken. The title photo of this post was taken right here.

Viewpoint on the Roman Forum, GPS coordinates:
41°53’32.7″N 12°29’01.1″E
41.892406, 12.483641 - click and route

7. The Mouth of Truth
Right Mouth…. will you put your hand

A stone medallion, about 2000 years old, with a relief of the face of a bearded deity. Crazy popular because of the legend behind it, according to which, anyone who lies and puts his hand in his mouth is they bit off a limb.
In the Middle Ages, sentences were to be carried out at the Mouth of Truth. Betrayal or a lie were punishable by cutting off the hand.

The mouth of truth, GPS coordinates:
41°53’17.7″N 12°28’53.6″E
41.888252, 12.481549 - click and route

8. Tiber Island
Bridge to the Tiber Island and parts of the island

One of the two islands on the Tiber. Two bridges lead to it, both from the first century BC. It houses a hospital, two churches and a building complex with the Gaetani family tower (Pope Boniface VIII was born there).

Tiber Island, GPS coordinates:
41°53’26.5″N 12°28’40.0″E
41.890681, 12.477764 - click and route

9. Trastevere
a typical street with restaurants in Trastevere

Trastevere is a part of Rome, located on the right bank of the Tiber. It is considered to be the oldest part of the city. In 68 AD it was destroyed by Nero, and in antiquity it was inhabited by the poorest inhabitants of the city. Today, it is one of the most charming neighborhoods, eagerly visited by tourists who want to spend some time with great food and wine in one of the countless. Visiting Trastevere mainly consists of enjoying a pointless walk through streets, alleys, narrow passages between restaurants and shops. Time passes about eight times slower here than on the other side of the Tiber.

Trastevere, the focal point of the district, GPS coordinates:
41°53’22.7″N 12°28’12.8″E
41.889626, 12.470228 - click and route

If you've gone through the entire plan I suggested, then be sure to have a rest in Trastevere. I assume that you're tired because of your legs… it was a really demanding route.

10. Circo Massimo metro

The closest metro station to Trastevere. You will have to get here to return to your accommodation. A walk from Trastevere to the metro station will take you about 30 minutes. Do you still have that much strength?

Circo Massimo Metro Station, GPS coordinates:
41°52’59.9″N 12°29’16.0″E
41.883306, 12.487763 - click and route

Sightseeing in Rome - second day

A glance at the map is enough to notice that the second day is also not easy.

Rome - sightseeing map - second day
background map source: openstreetmap.org
11. Vatican Museums
one of the corridors in the Vatican Museums

The walk starts with visiting the Vatican Museums. But first you have to get to them. It is closest to the museums Ottaviano metro station (metro line A - red). The entrance to the museums is located in the northern Vatican walls, at Viale Vaticano. Below you will find the coordinates of the main entrance to the museums.
If we wanted to tell in four words about the Vatican Museums, this is a collection of works of art collected by successive popes. Without a doubt, it is the largest collection in the world that cannot be matched by any other museum. In one of the rooms (the Sobieski Room), a painting by Jan Matejko is displayed, depicting Jan III Sobieski after the victory at Vienna.

It is best to buy museum tickets online well in advance. The ticket is valid for a specific day and time. It is not possible to enter on a date other than that specified on the ticket.
Tickets from official website sell out fast. If you got lost and failed to buy tickets on the museums website, then nothing is lost. Some tickets are available on the website GetYourGuide - [click] and here they are often available longer.
I do not recommend buying tickets on the spot. The queues are terrible.

Main entrance to the Vatican Museums, GPS coordinates:
41°54’24.8″N 12°27’13.3″E
41.906875, 12.453703 - click and route

12. St. Peter
interior of St. Peter in Rome

Built on the Vatican Hill, Saint Peter's Basilica is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful churches in the world. According to tradition, it is believed that it was built on the site of the burial of St. Peter, the first pope of the Catholic Church.
It is the burial place of successive popes. Of course, there is also the tomb of John Paul II.
Admission to the basilica is free. Admission to the Vatican Grottoes is also freewhere the tombs of the popes are located. The entrance to the grottos is inside the basilica, in the pillar of St. Andrew (to the left of the canopy in the basilica).
St. Peter's Church is the second largest church in the world (the largest is the Basilica of Our Lady, Queen of Peace in Yamoussoukro).

There is an entrance fee to the basilica dome.
Ticket prices:
- 10 EUR - elevator access
- EUR 8 - independent access via stairs

St. Peter, GPS coordinates:
41°54’07.8″N 12°27’16.9″E
41.902154, 12.454691 - click and route

13. Castle of St. Angelo
St. Angel in Rome

Castel Sant'Angelo originally served as the tomb of Emperor Hadrian, his family and successors. In the XNUMXth century AD it was converted into a fortress, and a century later into a prison. About the period of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, paper was eagerly used for its function as a prison. By the way, it served as a fortress. A fortified passage was built in the XNUMXth century Passetto di Borgo, connecting Castel Sant'Angelo with the Apostolic Palace at the Basilica of St. Peter. It enabled the Pope to escape safely and discreetly from the Vatican to the castle. The transition still exists today.

Passetto di Borgo - the beginning at the papal chambers of the Apostolic Palace
Clicking on the picture will take you to the 3D view on Google Maps
Source: Google Maps
Passetto di Borgo - entrance to Castel Sant'Angelo
Clicking on the picture will take you to the 3D view on Google Maps
Source: Google Maps

Castle of St. Angelo, GPS coordinates:
41°54’10.3″N 12°27’59.0″E
41.902854, 12.466387 - click and route

14. Piazza Navona
one of the fountains in Piazza Navona

It is said that Piazza Navona is one of the most beautiful squares in the world. The square was built on the ruins of the ancient Domitian stadium, and its design was made to keep the size of the stadium. In the basements under the buildings in the northern part of the square, the original fragments of the stadium stands have been preserved.

Navona Square, GPS coordinates:
41°53’57.9″N 12°28’23.1″E
41.899408, 12.473095 - click and route

15. Campo di Fiori
Campo di Fiori market square

Field of flowers ... is the literal translation of the name of the square, which was a meadow until the Middle Ages.

In Rome at Campo di Fiori
Baskets of olives and lemons,
The pavement sprinkled with wine
And flower shards.
Pink seafood
They sleep on the tables of the vendors,
She is arming dark grapes
They fall on the peach fluff.

Right here in this square
Giordano Bruno burned, ...

…. excerpt from a poem by Czesław Miłosz "Campo di Fiori" - [click]

This is exactly what the Campo di Fiori market square looks like. The statue of Giordano Bruno can be found at one end of the square.

Campo di Fiori, GPS coordinates:
41°53’44.8″N 12°28’18.8″E
41.895775, 12.471889 - click and route

16. Pantheon
Pantheon in Rome

The Pantheon (that is, the place dedicated to all gods) was very lucky. It is the only building in Rome that has survived intact since it was established, i.e. from 125. Today it is the Catholic Church.
There is a small square with a fountain in front of the Pantheon. This is the place where I always have a hard time getting out. I just love being here.

Opening hours:
- daily: from 9:00 a.m. to 19:00 p.m. (last admission 18:30 p.m.)

Tickets:
- admission is free

Pantheon, GPS coordinates:
41°53’56.8″N 12°28’36.5″E
41.899115, 12.476798 - click and route

17. Trevi Fountain
Trevi Fountain

Probably the most famous and popular fountain in the world, thanks to one of the scenes from the movie "La Dolce Vita", directed by Federico Fellini. Romantic scene - [see on Youtube]starring Anita Ekberg and Marcello Mastroianni takes place in the waters of the fountains, which are… icy cold. Apparently, Mastroianni had to intensely anesthetize himself with alcohol during the shooting of the scene for several hours.
The fountain is powered by water supplied by an aqueduct built in 19 BC. It is customary for tourists to turn their backs to the fountain and throw a coin over their shoulder to ensure that they will return to Rome one day. Every year the city cleans the bottom of the fountain of money. The total value of the coins retrieved always exceeds million (!!!) Euro.

Trevi Fountain, GPS coordinates:
41°54’03.0″N 12°29’00.2″E
41.900841, 12.483374 - click and route

18. The Spanish Steps
The Spanish Steps in Rome

Let me start with the most important things, i.e. two superstitions .. First you cannot eat on the Spanish Steps because it brings misfortune. AND Secondlyif you want to ensure success and joy in life, you absolutely must have a photo on the stairs ... with your head down!
Now for less important things. The stairs have gained great fame thanks to the world-famous fashion shows that take place there every year. In spring, on the occasion of the flower festival, they are covered with floral decorations, and in winter, a nativity scene is set up.
A small fountain at the foot of the stairs commemorates the flood that occurred during Christmas in 1598. The waters of the Tiber launched a small boat at this point.
The water to the fountain is supplied by an aqueduct built in 19 BC (the same that feeds the Trevi Fountain).

Spanish stairs, GPS coordinates:
41°54’21.1″N 12°28’56.4″E
41.905850, 12.482334 - click and route

19. Piazza del Popolo
Piazza del Popolo

Impressive, expansive square, the northernmost in the historic area, delimited by the Aurelian Wall. The gate closing one edge of the square was also the northern gate of the city. On the opposite side of the square are the characteristic twin churches.
For a long time, the square was a place where executions were carried out (the last one in 1826).
From 1589 in the center of the square stands an obelisk erected in the 13th century BC by Pharaoh Ramses II in Heliopolis and brought to Rome in 10 BC

Piazza del Popolo, GPS coordinates:
41°54’39.5″N 12°28’34.5″E
41.910976, 12.476236 - click and route

20. Metro Flaminio

From the square, you need to exit through the northern city gate. Hence to Flaminio metro station there is only 100 m. For these few steps you will probably still have enough strength.

Flaminio Metro Station, GPS coordinates:
41°54’45.4″N 12°28’35.1″E
41.912621, 12.476423 - click and route

The two tours I have suggested should already give you some idea of ​​Rome. I think that such a load of attractions should be enough to give you something to remember and miss when you return home. Rome is beautiful, captivating and full of undiscovered secrets that are still waiting for you there.

You don't have the strength to walk, and you want to visit Rome?

There is one more common but often underrated way of visiting big cities, including of course Rome: Hop-on / Hop-off buses.
What is it about? These are buses that go around the same route every half an hour or so and stop close to the city's top attractions.
A ticket for such a bus is valid, for example, for 24 hours (there are also 48 and 72-hour versions) and during this time you can get on and off the bus as many times as you want, at each of the stops. This way, instead of walking between attractions, you take the bus and get off near the one you are interested in. After seeing the attractions, you go back to the stop, get on the bus and go to the next one. Over and over again.

There are several Hop-on / Hop-off lines in Rome. Below you will find icons of some of them. Clicking on any of the offers will take you to the selected offer. You do not need to look for any kiosk to buy tickets, because you can do it in a few moments on your phone via the Internet. You don't need to print your ticket either. All you have to do is display the purchased ticket on the screen of your phone.
Interesting?
Then check out the offers below!

.

I also looked through the offers of hop-on / hop-off buses and I found the most interesting (and unfortunately a bit more expensive than the cheapest) this proposal - [click].
Buses run quite often and have a lot of stops located so that, according to the description of the service, you can drive them near the following facilities:

- Colosseum
- Roman Forum
- Trevi Fountain
- Spanish stairs
- Plaza de Espana
- Vatican
- St. Peter's Square
- Piazza Navona
- Pantheon
- Castel Sant'Angelo
- Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore
- Circus Maximus
- Venetian Square
- Altare della Patria
- Barberini Square
- Terminii Station

Rome accommodation and hotels

What's the best room in Rome? I will not spread great theories here, because life has verified my various ideas. I will say briefly then. In Rome, it's best to live in the historic center and close to the metro station.
You can then explore the entire city on your feet, and when the need arises, you can always travel by metro.
You can start your search by clicking on this link - [click]. The link is prepared in such a way that it filters offers, limiting the results to Rome only.
There are useful filters above the search results, such as "Price (lowest first)", after clicking on the three dots on the right side you will get another useful filter. I often use "Best Rating and Lowest Price".
Additionally, below are some selected offers.

The first is a hotel:

I Capocci - [click]

We stayed here during a recent summer stay. We booked it literally at the last minute and were very lucky, because the price was really great. At the moment I can see that it is a bit more expensive, but maybe just like us, you can get some discount. It is really worth considering. Located in an old building, it maintains the atmosphere of old Rome. Peace alone makes you instantly penetrate the city.
Below are some photos from the room.

hotel I Capocci - bedroom
hotel I Capocci - kitchen
hotel I Capocci - bathroom
hotel I Capocci - large communal kitchen
Double B Ferruccio I - [click]

Day by Day - [click]

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Pozdrawiam




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